06 June 2013, Thursday, 14:16
author: Galina Bakhshieva
Ufa occupies the 58th place in the ecological rating of large Russian cities for 2011 — the first quarter 2012. Such rating was made for the first time by the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment of the Russian Federation.
The rating included 82 Russian cities representing the separate subjects of the country. It estimates cities on seven indicators: air, water consumption and quality of water, waste disposal, usage of territories, transport, energy consumption, environmental impact control.
The first top five of the general rating of the city environment quality in 2011 included Volgograd, St.-Petersburg, Saransk, Vologda and Kursk.
Moscow takes the sixth place. Kazan is on the seventh, Tambov is on the eighth, Tula on the ninth. Stavropol closes the top ten of the rating.
All these cities take high enough positions in various categories, but only in rare instances they are absolute leaders in each of them. For example, Volgograd wins the first place only in the category of waste disposal, Vologda appeared on the first place by criteria of air quality, Kursk — on water usage.
The urban population in Russia makes about 74 percent. About 55 million people lived in the cities covered by the ecological rating in 2011, or more than one third of all population of Russia.
According to developers of the rating, the gathered information allows comparing the Russian cities as with themselves, and with cities of Europe, the North America, Asia and Africa.
It is especially important also because scales of existing problems of the Russian cities can be underestimated. So, average indexes of volume of household waste formation a year per one Russian town resident essentially exceed not only standards used in Russia, but also similar indicators in cities of Europe, Asia and Africa.
The ecological rating of the Russian cities for 2012 is supposed to be prepared in September this year.