06 June 2011, Monday, 15:35
author: Alfiya Sharafutdinova
Bashkortostan is among thirty regions of Russia which are the most attractive to business. This is the rating of Forbes magazine made as authors mark, «issuing fr om interests of the investors planning to open the retail or other chain business focused on satisfaction of the population needs».
The republic occupies the 13th place, conceding, in particular, to Tatarstan and Sverdlovsk Region and being ahead of such subjects, as the Primorie Territory and the Volgograd Region.
Besides, Moscow and St.-Petersburg, and also the Moscow and Leningrad Regions — «because of obvious advantages which are given to these regions by closeness to capitals» were not considered at the list drawing up, authors of the rating mark. The regions of the North Caucasus were also not included there– «because of objective impossibility to define the safety level».
Subjects of federation were estimated on 15 parametres divided into six groups, describing the different parts of economic sphere. So, by criteria «Social and demographic characteristics» (population, education, crime rate) and «Comfort of business conducting» Bashkortostan takes the ninth place. On degree of infrastructure development (international airport, density of hard-surface roads) it occupies the tenth place. On the indicator "Economic situation" (gross regional product, quantity of branches of the largest private banks) the republic is on the 19 place, on the category «Business climate» (small-scale business development, liberality of authorities to foreign investors, investments into capital assets) – on the 20th, and on degree of the population prosperity– on the 21st place among 30.
Thus, authors of the rating specially emphasize several facts. It is underlined that Bashkortostan takes the seventh place in Russia on oil extraction volume, that republic is one of few Volga regions wh ere the natural population increase remain: the number of born last year exceeded the number of died for 2700 people, but also, here there is one of the highest indicators of retail trade turnover.