22 February 2011, Tuesday, 15:32
author: Elmira Sabirova
The senior pupils, who have to study by a new educational standard, will receive the knowledge within the frames of the basic school program free as it is now, the Minister of education and science RF Andre Fursenko stated in his interview to the TV-channel “Russia-1”. It has to be noted the project of the federal state educational standard, published on the site of the Ministry, is still severely criticized both by the pedagogical and parental communities.
“We have clear understanding what does the word “load” mean, i.e. this is the time, which a child can spend in the class according to the medical instructions – 36 hours. These 36 hours are paid by the budget and our aim is to make these hours maximally useful for the pupils” – M-r Fursenko said.
The main principle of the new standard is that the pupils get the chance to choose which subjects they should study on the minimal level (the integrated course) and which- more seriously (the basic or profiled level). The level influences on the number of the lessons or class hours, allocated for studying of this or that subject.
The designers of the federal standard allocate six subject groups. The first group includes Russian language and literature plus native language and literature, the second group includes foreign languages, the third – mathematics and information sciences, the fourth – public sciences, the fifth – natural sciences and the sixth – fine arts or the subject by choice.
As the authors of the standard think, pupils have to choose one-two subjects within every group. Besides, there are three subjects, for which any variants are impossible – this is the course “Russia in the world”, physical culture and the basics of life safety. These subjects will be compulsory for all, irrespective of the once chosen profile.
Therefore, the number of the subjects for senior pupils will be reduced from 16-21 to 9-10. In this case pupils receive the time for preparation for the self-dependent investigational project, which is also to become compulsory in the future. It is expected the first approbation of the standard will take place in 2013 and it can become mandatory for all Russian schools beginning from 2020.
Talking about the project of a new educational standard the deputy Minister of education RB Vladimir Aristarkhov says the idea has a kernel of good sense.
“The introduction of the profiled level, presumed by the standard, will contribute to earlier self-determination of the pupils at schools with the choice of their future professions and they can choose the subjects they really need entering the higher and secondary professional education institutions beforehand” – the deputy Minister said – “For instance, if the pupil is going to enter a medical institution, he may choose chemistry and biology as the profiled subjects but it doesn’t mean other subjects are left without his attention. For that we have the integrated and the basic levels, oriented to formation of the general culture, the world view and contributing to socialization of the pupils. Here the subjects are studied as an addition to the already chosen direction”.