13 September 2010, Monday, 16:23
author: Marina Shumilova
The Programmer Day is marked in Russia for the second time – this professional holiday was established by the President of Russia in September 2009. And this holiday is a fair recognition of the merits of Russian IT-specialists, who managed to create so powerful industry in the country.
As RIA “NOVOSTI” reports, there is no such number of programmers per capita anywhere else in the world. According to “Microsoft” estimations, there are 140 thousand active specialists in Russia, whose qualification is considered high enough for programming.
The Russian software industry appeared in Russia in one and the same time with the market economy and ordinary Soviet engineers, whose main asset was just their education, formed programming as a sort of business. As the specialists explain, the main reason of such success is that the only things necessary for programming are the understanding of the market’s needs, enough qualification and PC. Unlike other engineering specialties the programmer is much less dependent upon any industrial problems – he has just to understand what kind of software the market needs, to write and debug the software and, what is of the highest importance, he has to manage and sell the product.
In spite of the small number of its population Russia supplies the world labor market with rather noticeable number of high-quality programmers and Russian language is quite often met in the Silicone Valley. In 2007 the export of the replicated software, software code and IT-services from Russia made up 2,75 billion USD – and this is considered a failure because the growth made up just 5% instead of usual 30% (the “RUSSOFT” data).
The software centers of Alcatel-Lucent, Allied Testing, AVI Code, Cadence Design Systems, Chrysler, Columbus IT, Dell, Digia, EGAR Technology, EMC, EMS, Ericsson, Google, Hewlett-Packard, Huawei, Intel, Inter Systems, Jensen Technologies and many other worldly known companies work in Russia for today. In their turn the Russian software companies open the design centers abroad – in Ukraine, Byelorussia, in the USA, Romania, Vietnam and other countries.
The major share of the internal software market in Russia belongs to the Russian companies. They mainly don’t produce so-called mass and all-system software (operation systems, office applications and data managers) but the applied Russian software is rather widely used here. Russians even have their own search engine “Yandex”, which overacts “Google” in the internal market (the achievement which only China and Czechia may boast with). The programming industry created dozens thousand workplaces for highly-qualified specialists in Russia – and the demand in them is still growing.