Problems of Russian oil refining are under discussion in Ufa today
Five scientific forums at once on various aspects of development of Russian oil-gas market are held in Ufa today within the frames of the XVIII international specialized exhibition “Gas, Oil,
Technologies-2010”. Thus, the participants of the conference “Oil-Gas Processing-2010” gathered at the Sport Palace, where the exhibition is working.
Here the prospects of Russian oil-gas branch development in whole, technologies for processing of oil residuals, heavy oil and natural bitumen are discussed. Special attention is paid to the rise of efficiency of Russian refineries. For the last years oil refining demonstrates high rates of growth of its production indices. The volumes of oil processing increased by more than 20% for the last five years, substantially exceeding the rates of oil mining. Correspondingly, the share of oil processing in the balance of its usage has grown up too: from 42% in 2004 to 48% in 2010.
Positive shifts are observed in production of motor fuels: production of low-sulfur diesel fuel increased 2,5 times and high-octane benzenes – 1,5 times.
But as soon as the depth of oil processing in the country in a whole remains at rather low level, the increase of oil products production leads to the increased output of oil products, belonging to the low price categories, which face no demand in the Russian market. Thus, according to the representative of Russian Ministry of power engineering’s oil and gas processing dept Anatoly Dushkov black oil made up almost one third of all oil products in 2009 – more than 80% of this black oil was exported and its share in the overall export volume exceeded 40%.
“The cost of the basket of Russian commodity oil products in the external market doesn’t exceed the cost of crude oil and if we take the production costs into account, the cost of oil products turns out to be much lower than the cost of the crude oil” – he said – “the state is obliged to support the lowered export duties for oil products as compared with the export duties for crude oil and as a result instead of receiving the additional budget intakes from oil refining, the state has to subsidize it”.
The Russian Ministry of power engineering intends to solve the arising problems in several stages. At the first stage in 2011-2013 it is expected to concentrate on modernization of active Russian refineries. After that the substantial investments for the increase of the oil processing depth will be needed. New capacities should be put into operation at the next stage – it will allow reducing the volumes of black oil output and reaching the depth of oil processing, close to the European indices.
“The wrecking of this stage can entail serious consequences not just for oil processing but for oil mining sphere too” – Anatoly Dushkov is certain.