05 May 2010, Wednesday, 16:05
author: Marina Shumilova
The World Bashkir Kurultay executive committee and the Bashkir State University have held the “round table” to the theme “Preservation and development of Bashkir language in conditions of a multinational state: problems and prospects”, devoted to the forthcoming III all-Bashkir Congress.
Preservation and development of the native language is one of the key themes the forthcoming international forum is going to discus in Ufa and scientists, deputies of the State Council RB, representatives of the authority were discussing the questions, concerned with solution of this actual problem, today.
The loss of a language is the main symptom of disappearance of any ethnos. In accordance with the federal law about languages of Russian Federation’s nations the languages of all national minorities, living on its territory, are declared the national property and cultural heritage, to which the state support and assistance are guaranteed. Every language possesses the unique historical and cultural experience, so all talks about “pragmatism” and “taking the real possibilities into account”, occasionally held at the federal level, look mildly speaking irrelevant. If coming from such “pragmatic” ideas, we all can face the situation in the country, when many native languages can be found only in the “Red Book of languages of Russian Federation’s nations”, so it is important to concentrate the efforts in this direction at the regional level now.
Republic of Bashkortostan can be the example in this direction: it possesses one of the well-developed systems of national education, pupils are taught in six native languages at the Republican schools and 14 languages are studied as separate subjects.
The participants of the “round table” have discussed the lingual situation in towns and regions RB, at the educational institutions and the aspects of Bashkir language functioning in different spheres of culture and science. Along with the indisputable achievements there are certain problems, which have to be solved in the nearest future. And one of such problems, as the head of the conference, the dean of the Bashkir State University’s chair of Bashkir philology and journalism Marat Zainullin reported, is the raising indifference of the Bashkir youth in their native language. In many respects it can be explained by the process of globalization, erasing not only economical but national and cultural peculiarities of countries and nations. In such conditions preservation of Bashkir language needs purposeful support of both the state and the public community.
The recommendations, ventilated at the conference, will be summarized as the practical recommendations and these recommendations will be used when working out the basic documents at the III World Bashkir Congress (Kurultay).