Juvenile courts will start working in Bashkortostan
The pilot project on introduction of the juvenile technologies to the legal proceedings is planned to make a reality in Bashkortostan. As the news-service of the Supreme Court RB reported to the news agency “Bashinform”, the prospects of this project were discussed in the course of the conference “Introduction of juvenile technologies to the legal proceedings RB”, held by the chairman of the Supreme Court RB Michael Tarasenko.
The deputy Prime-Minister of Government RB, Minister of culture and national politics RB Ildus Ilishev, the deputy Prime-Minister of Government RB Rafael Divaev, the ombudsman for children’s rights in Bashkortostan Lilia Gumerova, representatives of law-enforcement bodies RB, scientists, pedagogues and public activists have taken part in the discussion.
As Michael Tarasenko mentioned, it is necessary to make the interaction between courts and the juvenile bodies closer. “We have to remove the reasons and conditions of juvenile delinquency and to work harder for prevention of this delinquency through the complex of measures for protection of rights and liberties of the minors” – the chairman of the Supreme Court RB stated.
60 000 minors have been sentenced to imprisonment in Russia in 2009, including 3000 for felonies. As compared with 2008, when the number of the condemned at the age less than 18 made 73000, including 3500 persons, sentenced for felonies, the number of the minors, brought to criminal account by the courts, has reduced by 18%. But the number of the second offences is still high – nearly every fourth crime.
In Bashkortostan this index is slightly lower and makes up 16,3%. 1997 minors have been sentenced in 2008, 1527 – in 2009, i.e. by 23,5% less.
Juvenile justice is a special system of the law, where the central link – the specialized court – closely interacts with the social services and not only when a child is taken to the court but after the pronouncement of a sentence too.
Michael Tarasenko has underscored the necessity to apply the juvenile technologies is becoming quite urgent.
“In the nearest future we intend to form the court staffs, specializing in the cases of juvenile delinquency and which will not just investigate the criminal cases but perhaps the civil cases on protection of the children’s rights too” – the chairman of the Supreme Court RB said. The experience of the similar courts, successfully working in other Russian regions, will become the basis for their activity, in particular, the experience of Rostov region, where the first juvenile courts have been formed still in 2004. The experts say that for many years the repeated juvenile delinquency there doesn’t exceed 5%.