02 February 2010, Tuesday, 17:36
author: Eugene Rakhimkulov
The teachers’ council for the Islamic pedagogues has taken place in the Ufa’s mosque “IHLAS” today with participation of the representatives of the Clerical Muslim Dept RB, the Bashkir State Pedagogical University, various public and religious organizations and more than 30 spiritual pedagogues, teaching the basics of Islam at the Ufa’s mosques.
The most actual problems of Muslim education and the state of the religious education in the country in a whole were discussed within the frames of the teachers’ council.
“Unfortunately the situation is that the gap between secular and religious education or better to say the knowledge about religion turned out to be immeasurably wide” – the deputy chairman of the Clerical Muslim Dept RB Ruslan Sayakhov said – “And possessing rather high level of erudition many of our compatriots have rather poor knowledge of the religion, which adherents they consider themselves, and this statement is true with respect to representatives of different religions”. As a rule, only the clergy, finishing various religious educational institutions both in Russia and abroad, receives really high-quality knowledge of religion. But the number of such people is small and it is absolutely normally because not everyone is destined to become a clergyman.
The Islamic clergy begins to practice the special training courses under the mosques in order to simplify the process of education for wide public and the aim of such courses is not the training of a future clergy but the acquaintance with the religious basics.
“The problems in Islamic education are closely connected with the plenty of problems, accumulated in the general education system both in Russia and abroad” – the director of the scientific-research center “Development of Muslim education”, Professor of the Bashkir State Pedagogical University Valerie Khaziev says – “These problems are connected with the fact that since the Age of Enlightenment the world system of education, and the European one first of all, was oriented to the priority of the knowledge accumulation and this model was widely practiced by us in the Soviet era. If we have a look at our schools today, we can see that our pupils are stuffed with the knowledge, 87% of which can’t be useful in adult life and at the same time such disciplines, which would contribute to formation of aesthetic and moral categories, such as friendship, honor, dignity, love, mercy etc, are absent at our schools or present there just formally”.
As for the system of Muslim education as it is, in opinion of Valerie Khaziev it has to preserve and augment the humanistic values of Islam, being adapted to our everyday conditions – the mentality, everyday life, fashion and national cookery.
“The Russian system of Muslim education mustn’t be in any circumstances copied from the Turkish, Egyptian or Iranian Muslim education system” – Valerie Khaziev says – “In many respects it can be even conflict with these systems. For example, the Oriental veto for a woman to look into the eyes of her husband is absolutely unacceptable for us because wives of Russian Muslims have passed collectivization, industrialization, Stalin’s genocide, wars and many other horrors of the XX century together with their husbands and now they have the same rights as men”. At the same time in opinion of Valerie Khaziev the Russian Muslim education system should use the newest methods in education, combining the scientific and spiritual beginnings in it and uniting the process of education with the process of upbringing, forming patriotism and tolerance – both religious and national – among its congregation.