27 January 2010, Wednesday, 17:57
author: Eugene Rakhimkulov
The International day of the memory of the Holocaust’s victims is commemorated all over the world today. It is accustomed to use this term for indication of the mass destruction of Jewish population by Nazis in 1933-1945. That time 60% of the Jews in Europe had been killed in the concentration camps and nearly three million of Jews had been killed on the territory of the former USSR. It is considered one third of the Jewish population in the world has died during the Holocaust years and the word “Holocaust” means “catastrophe” or “burnt-offering” in translation fr om Greek. Since 1953 Israel started to give the honorable rank “the just main of the world” to the people, who had hidden the Jews during the years of Holocaust. At present time there are about 15 thousand such just people in the world, including about 3,5 thousand citizens of the former USSR.
The UNO General Assembly has approved the decree on November 1, 2005, in accordance with which January 27 is declared the International Day of the memory of the Holocaust’s victims and this date is chosen because this very day the Soviet army has released the largest fascist concentration camp “Auschwitz” in Poland (Osviecim), wh ere about 1,5-2,2 million people had been killed. Russia, Israel, Canada, Australia and the USA were the initiators of the decree and more than other 90 states were the co-authors.
For today the United Nations General Assembly worked up the whole series of the enlightener measures for the lessons of the Holocaust would stay in the memory of the next generations forever and would contribute to prevention of the acts of genocide in the future.
The memory of the Holocaust’s victims in Ufa was revered at the meeting of the musical-poetic public lecture center, held in the Friendship House RB. Not long ago the committee of the ghetto’s prisoners existed in Ufa, headed by Leonid Kupets. Unfortunately the majority of people, who had survived through the horror of the Holocaust, have died and today there are only two of them in Ufa now – Joseph Kushnir and the chairman of the Jewish public organization “KOHAV” RB Shalom Katz. Both were fell to the concentration camps, still being children, but in spite of that they remember the events of those years quite well.