27 January 2010, Wednesday, 12:01
author: Nikolai Ermolenko
Today is the 66th anniversary of full Leningrad’s blockade reversal. The German-fascist command laid great focus on the capture of Leningrad – the cradle of three revolutions and a large industrial, scientific and cultural center in the USSR. The fall of Leningrad according to the plans of Hitler had to precede the capture of Moscow but the defense of Leningrad ruined all plans of the enemy. In this short article it is impossible to call all key moments of Leningrad’s heroic defense because it had no analogues in the world history. People of all nationalities, including the warriors fr om Bashkortostan, took part in the defense. The Leningrad’s blockade was lasting during 871 days – from September 8, 1941, to January 27, 1944, when it was completely reversed. The capture of Leningrad was a constituent of the plant of war against the USSR, worked up by Nazi Germany. According to various sources from 400 thousand to one million people have been killed during the blockade – only 3% of them have died because of bombings and bombardments and the others have died because of hunger. The majority of people, having died during the blockade, are buried at Piskarevskoe cemetery, wh ere the main blockade monument stands. In 1965 Leningrad has received the status of the hero-city for heroism and bravery, displayed by its citizens during the blockade.
Thousand soldiers from Bashkortostan took part in the fights near Leningrad. Many of them have been killed there and still lie there unburied. The search groups from Bashkortostan go to Leningrad region every year, find the remains of these soldiers and identify the personalities of those, whose orders or medallions kept safe.
The action, devoted to the 66th anniversary of Leningrad’s blockade reversal and to the 65th anniversary of liberation of the prisoners of the fascist concentration camp “Auschwitz” will take place in the Republican Hall of Fame today.