Scientists struggle for life of Bashkir “golden root”
Specialists call Iremel rosewort the “golden root” for its unique medicinal properties but these properties, well-known by people, had fatal consequences for its destiny. As a result of destructive collections the Iremel rosewort appeared in the first category of rare plants, found under the threat of total disappearance.
Some years ago this sort could be widely met on the territories of several Bashkir regions. But now every plant is included into the Red Book and specialists say there are just 600-1000 plants left in Bashkiria.
The works on restoration of the rosewort started in the Republic in 2001. The Botanical Institute under Ufa Scientific Center of Russian Academy of sciences is the executor of the project. The work runs at several stages. First the specialists investigate the populations and collect the materials. Further they choose the areas for the subsequent introduction. New restored populations are created artificially. At the final stage the scientists monitor the situation and analyze the results. It should be noted that Bashkir scientists started to practice the method of introduction for the first time in Russia. The experience of the Botanical Institute is successfully used in other Russian regions now. The goal of the works performed is liquidation of the threat of the plant’s disappearance. For today four populations of Iremel rosewort are considered successfully restored. In the nearest future the scientists intend to restore the plant’s areas on the peak of Iremel and after that the natural park will be opened here but the access will be restricted.