Scientists have identified main causes of mortality in rural and urban population of Bashkiria
UFA, 24 May 2019. /Bashinform News Agency, Rozaliya Valeeva/ translated by Tatiana Aksyutina/.
The demographic report presented by scientists of the Institute of Strategic Studies of Bashkiria recorded an increase in mortality in the region. Thus, in Bashkortostan, the number of deaths in January-August 2018 increased by 344 compared with the previous year. If in 2017 in Bashkortostan, 34,112 people died, in 2018 the figure was 34,656.
In general, according to the operational data of Rosstat, this tendency is typical for Russia and the Volga Federal District in general. An increase in mortality was not observed only in the Southern and North Caucasus Federal Districts.
According to scientists, the main factor is the entry into the older age of a large generation of the 1950s. The mortality of the working-age population has not increased: the rate per 100 thousand population was 547. In 2017, the death rate at working age accounted for a quarter of all deaths.
Life expectancy in 2017 in Bashkiria was 71.73 years, in urban areas — 72.7, in the villages — 70.02. In Bashkiria, women live 10.97 years longer than men, in Russia this figure is 10.13. Gender differences begin to appear from 20 years and older when the death rate of men is 2.5-3 times higher than that of women.
Among the causes of death are diseases of the circulatory system — 41.1 percent, neoplasms — 14.6 percent, external causes — 9.2 percent.
Scientists record certain features of death causes depending on the place of residence. Infections and cancer death causes are most frequent in cities. In villages, the most common causes of death are diseases of the respiratory, digestive, genitourinary, and external causes.
By the end of 2017, the earliest average age of death is characteristic of infectious and parasitic diseases (41.8 years), death as a result of traffic accidents (43.6 years) and suicide (47.4 years). In 2017, in Bashkiria, 4,651 people died as a result of external causes — 9 percent of all deaths in the region. Most of all — suicides (18.9 percent), traffic accidents (12.9 percent), as well as injuries with uncertain intentions (35.9 percent). In the countryside, mortality from external causes is 1.8 times higher than in the city. Rural residents die from suicide 3.5 times more often than townspeople.